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Educational Requirements

Educational Requirements


A student that is interested in becoming a veterinarian should select courses in science at the high school level.  Science courses such as biology, chemistry and physics form a foundation upon which further education will rest, but optional courses in the humanities and social sciences are also recommended as well as a strong background in mathematics. 

A student must also plan to gain practical experience by working with several animal species.  Volunteer experience and employment with a veterinarian is very helpful in gaining insight into the profession, and references from these sources are part of the admission requirements for the Veterinary Colleges. 

To obtain a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree, a minimum of six years of university education is required.  This includes two years of pre-veterinary studies at a regular university followed by four years of study in Veterinary Medicine at one of the five Veterinary Colleges in Canada. 

For further details on the requirements for each Veterinary College in Canada, check out their websites:


Atlantic Veterinary College

University of Prince Edward Island

550 University Avenue

Charlottetown, PE

C1A 4P3


Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire

L'Université de Montréal

3200, rue Sicotte

Saint-Hyacinthe, QC

J2S 2M2



Ontario Veterinary College

University Of Guelph

Guelph, ON

N1G 2W1



University of Calgary Veterinary Medicine


3330 Hospital Drive NW

Calgary, AB

T2N 4N1



Western College of Veterinary Medicine

University Of Saskatchewan

52 Campus Drive

Saskatoon, SK

S7N 5B4